Saturday, March 27, 2004

"First Class Mentality, Third Class Super-Sized Cabinet"

Oleh/By : DATO' SERI ABDULLAH BIN HAJI AHMAD BADAWI
PERDANA MENTERI MALAYSIA
Tempat/Venue : JABATAN PERDANA MENTERI, PUTRAJAYA

Tarikh/Date : 27/03/2004
Tajuk/Title : NOTA YAB PERDANA MENTERI MENGENAI ROMBAKAN KABINET (27-03-2004)

NOTA YAB PERDANA MENTERI
MENGENAI ROMBAKAN KABINET
27 MARCH 2004


• Saya ingin membuat pengumuman mengenai kabinet dan pentadbiran saya.

• Pertama sekali, saya ingin menyatakan bahawa perubahan dalam pentadbiran ini dilaksanakan untuk menunaikan janji seperti yang termaktub dalam manifesto Barisan Nasional - sebuah Kerajaan untuk semua; sebuah kerajaan yang menyokong rakyat; dan sebuah kerajaan yang akan berkerja untuk memastikan masa depan yang lebih baik, aman dan makmur.

• Kabinet ini adalah untuk masa depan – dalam meningkatkan daya saing; dalam menggerakkan prestasi dan kecemerlangan; dalam membangunkan masyarakat; dalam memupuk pemikiran kelas pertama, budaya dan nilai-nilai; dan dalam memastikan pembangunan yang mampan.

• Ini adalah rombakan besar dalam kerajaan yang bertujuan memberi khidmat yang lebih baik untuk rakyat.

+ Tiga kementerian akan dipecahkan
* Kementerian Dalam Negeri kepada Kementerian Hal-Ehwal Dalam Negeri dan Kementerian Keselamatan Dalam Negeri;
* Kementerian Pendidikan kepada Kementerian Pelajaran dan Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi;
* Kementerian Kebudayaan, Kesenian dan Pelancongan kepada Kementerian Kesenian Kebudayaan dan Warisan dan Kementerian Pelancongan.

+ Satu kementerian akan dibubarkan, iaitu Kementerian Tanah dan Pembangunan Koperasi.

+ Dua kementerian baru ditubuhkan, iaitu:
* Kementerian Sumber Asli dan Alam Sekitar
* Kementerian Wilayah Persekutuan.

+ Dua kementerian digabungkan menjadi satu, iaitu Kementerian Perpaduan Negara dan Pembangunan Masyarakat bersama Kementerian Pembangunan Wanita dan Keluarga, untuk menubuhkan Kementerian Wanita, Keluarga dan Masyarakat.

+ Lima kementerian akan dinamakan semula untuk melambangkan tanggungjawab/fokus yang berbeza, iaitu:

* Kementerian Perusahaan Perladangan dan Komoditi;
* Kementerian Sains, Teknologi dan Inovasi;
* Kementerian Tenaga, Air dan Komunikasi;
* Kementerian Kemajuan Luar Bandar dan Wilayah;
* Kementerian Pertanian dan Indusrti Asas Tani


• Semua perubahan ini dilaksanakan bagi memastikan perkhidmatan kerajaan yang lebih cekap dan efektif; perubahan dalam jabatan/agensi telah dilakukan bagi memastikan skop tanggungjawab kementerian lebih sesuai dan untuk menghasilkan sinergi antara agensi/jabatan yang berlainan.

• Terdapat fokus yang lebih besar dalam berberapa bidang tertentu seperti Pelancongan (sektor membangun/growth sector), Keselamatan Dalam Negeri (keselamatan diri dan negara); Pendidikan Tinggi (pembangunan pekerja mahir) dan Kesenian, Kebudayaan dan Warisan. Perubahan-perubahan ini bertujuan memberi fokus yang lebih khusus dan “streamlining” dalam pentadbiran, dan bukan untuk mengwujudkan birokrasi yang lebih besar.

• Beberapa fungsi akan ditekankan dan diupayakan (empowerment) supaya Kerajaan menjadi lebih efektif, seperti pembangunan teknologi, pengawasan industri bekalan air, pembangunan IKS, pembangunan industri perkhidmatan dan pemeliharaan alam sekitar.

• Ekonomi negara akan mendapat manfaat dari perubahan-perubahan ini oleh kerana penekanan yang akan diberikan kepada aspek-aspek seperti berikut ;

+ Mentaliti kelas pertama dan budaya yang mementingkan prestasi tinggi
+ Sistem pendidikan yang lebih baik, dengan pendidikan tinggi bertaraf dunia
+ Sains, teknologi dan inovasi
+ Pembangunan Industri Kecil dan Sederhana (IKS)
+ Pembangunan sektor perkhidmatan melalui peningkatan peranan MIDA, yang kini dinamakan Malaysian Industrial and Services Development Authority (MISDA)
+ Memodenkan sektor pertanian dan membangunkan industri berasaskan pertanian
+ Pembangunan luar bandar dan wilayah


• Saya telah berfikir panjang tentang perkara ini serta berbincang dengan semua parti komponen. Saya juga telah melantik mereka yang berwibawa untuk bekerja bersama saya dalam membentuk sebuah kerajaan yang akan berkhidmat kepada rakyat.

+ Kebanyakkan parti komponen mendapat lebih ramai wakil dalam pentadbiran saya.
+ Terdapat peningkatan dalam bilangan wanita dan golongan muda dalam pentadbiran ini.
+ Terdapat 14 Menteri Kabinet baru dan seorang bekas menteri yang kembali berkhidmat.



(Baca senarai Ahli Kabinet yang baru)

SENARAI KABINET BARU


JABATAN PERDANA MENTERI

Perdana Menteri

Y.A.B. Dato’ Seri Abdullah bin Haji Ahmad Badawi

Timbalan Perdana Menteri
Y.A.B. Dato’ Sri Haji Mohd. Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak

Menteri
Y.B. Tan Sri Bernard Giluk Dompok
Y.B. Dato’ Seri Mohamad Nazri bin Abdul Aziz
Y.B. Datuk Mustapa bin Mohamed
Y.B. Datuk Seri Mohd. Radzi bin Sheikh Ahmad
Y.B. Prof. Datuk Dr. Abdullah bin Md. Zin
Y.B. Datuk Dr. Maximus @ Johnity Ongkili

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B. Datuk M. Kayveas
Y.B. Joseph Entulu anak Belaun

Setiausaha Parlimen
Y.B. Dato’ Dr. Masitah Ibrahim
Y.B. Datuk Mohd. Johari bin Baharum


KEMENTERIAN KEWANGAN

Menteri
Y. A. B. Dato’ Seri Abdullah bin Haji Ahmad Badawi
Y.B. Senator Tan Sri Nor Mohamed bin Yakcop

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B. Dato’ Ng Yen Yen
Y.B.M. Tengku Dato’ Putera bin Tengku Awang

Setiausaha Parlimen
Y.B. Datuk Dr. Hilmi bin Yahaya


KEMENTERIAN PERTAHANAN

Menteri
Y. A. B. Dato’ Sri Mohd. Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B. Dato’ Zainal Abidin bin Zin

KEMENTERIAN KESELAMATAN DALAM NEGERI

Menteri
Y.A.B. Dato’ Seri Abdullah bin Haji Ahmad Badawi

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B. Dato’ Noh Omar
Y.B. Chia Kwang Chye

Setiausaha Parlimen
Y.B. Datuk Wira Abu Seman bin Haji Yusop


KEMENTERIAN HAL EHWAL DALAM NEGERI

Menteri
Y. B. Dato’ Azmi Khalid

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B. Dato’ Tan Chai Ho

Setiausaha Parlimen
Y.B. Datuk Abdul Rahman bin Ibrahim


KEMENTERIAN PERUMAHAN DAN KERAJAAN TEMPATAN

Menteri
Y. B. Dato’ Ong Ka Ting

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B. Dato’ Azizah Mohd. Dun
Y.B. Robert Lau Hoi Chew

Setiausaha Parlimen
Y.B. Dr. Subramaniam a/l K. V. Sathasivam


KEMENTERIAN KERJA RAYA

Menteri
Y.B. Dato’ Seri S. Samy Vellu

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B. Dato’ Ir. Mohd. Zain Mohamad

Setiausaha Parlimen
Y.B. Dato’ Yong Khoon Seng


KEMENTERIAN PERDAGANGAN ANTARABANGSA DAN INDUSTRI

Menteri
Y.B. Dato’ Seri Rafidah Aziz

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B. Dato’ Haji Ahmad Husni bin Mohamad Hanazlah
Y.B. Mah Siew Keong

Setiausaha Parlimen
Y.B. Datin Paduka Dr. Tan Yee Kew


KEMENTERIAN LUAR NEGERI

Menteri
Y.B. Datuk Seri Syed Hamid bin Syed Jaafar Albar

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B. Joseph Salang Gandum

Setiausaha Parlimen
Y.B. Dato’ Zainal Abidin bin Osman


KEMENTERIAN PENERANGAN

Menteri
Y.B. Dato’ Paduka Abdul Kadir bin Haji Sheikh Fadzir

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B Datuk Zainuddin bin Maidin
Y.B. Dato’ Donald Lim Siang Chai

Setiausaha Parlimen
Y.B. Puan Noriah binti Kasnon


KEMENTERIAN SUMBER MANUSIA

Menteri
Y.B. Datuk Wira Dr. Fong Chan Onn

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B. Datuk Abdul Rahman bin Bakar


KEMENTERIAN BELIA DAN SUKAN

Menteri
Y. B. Dato’ Azalina binti Othman

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B. Dato’ Ong Tee Keat

Setiausaha Parlimen
Y.B. Encik Vigneswaran a/l M. Sanasee


KEMENTERIAN PERDAGANGAN DALAM NEGERI DAN
HAL EHWAL PENGGUNA

Menteri
Y. B. Dato’ Shafie bin Haji Apdal

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B. Dato’ S. Veerasingam

Setiausaha Parlimen
Y.B. Hoo Seong Chang


KEMENTERIAN TENAGA AIR DAN KOMUNIKASI

Menteri
Y. B. Dato’ Seri Dr. Lim Keng Yaik

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B. Dato’ Shaziman bin Abu Mansor


KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN

Menteri
Y. B. Dato’ Hishammuddin bin Tun Hussein

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B. Dato’ Hong Choon Kin
Y.B. Datuk Mahadzir bin Mohd. Khir

Setiausaha Parlimen
Y.B. P. Komala Devi


KEMENTERIAN PENGAJIAN TINGGI

Menteri
Y. B. Dato’ Dr. Haji Mohd. Shafie bin Salleh

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B. Dato’ Fu Ah Kiow

Setiausaha Parlimen
Y.B. Dato’ Dr. Adham bin Baba


KEMENTERIAN PEMBANGUNAN USAHAWAN DAN KOPERASI

Menteri
Y. B. Dato’ Mohamed Khaled bin Nordin

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B. Dato’ Khamsiyah binti Yeop

Setiausaha Parlimen
Y.B. Encik Samsu Baharun bin Haji Ab. Rahman


KEMENTERIAN SUMBER ASLI DAN ALAM SEKITAR

Menteri
Y.B. Datuk Seri Adenan bin Satem

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B. Sothinathan A/L Sinna Gaundar

Setiausaha Parlimen
Y.B. Sazmi bin Miah


KEMENTERIAN PERTANIAN DAN INDUSTRI ASAS TANI

Menteri
Y.B. Tan Sri Dato’ Haji Muhyiddin bin Haji Mohd. Yassin

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B. Dato’ Seri Hj. Mohd Shariff bin Hj. Omar
Y.B. Dato’ Kerk Choo Ting

Setiausaha Parlimen
Y.B. Datuk Rohani binti Abdul Karim


KEMENTERIAN PENGANGKUTAN

Menteri
Y.B. Dato’ Sri Chan Kong Choy

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B.M. Tengku Dato’ Seri Azlan Ibni Sultan Abu Bakar
Y.B. Datuk Douglas Uggah Embas



KEMENTERIAN SAINS, TEKNOLOGI DAN INOVASI

Menteri
Y.B. Dato’ Dr. Jamaluddin bin Dato’ Mohd Jarjis

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B Kong Cho Ha

Setiausaha Parlimen
Y.B. Prof. Datuk Dr. Mohd Ruddin bin Ab Ghani


KEMENTERIAN PELANCONGAN

Menteri
Y. B. Dato’ Leo Michael Toyad

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B. Datuk Ahmad Zahid bin Hamidi


KEMENTERIAN KESENIAN, KEBUDAYAAN DAN WARISAN

Menteri
Y.B. Datuk Seri Utama Dr. Rais Yatim

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B. Dato’ Wong Kam Hoong



KEMENTERIAN PEMBANGUNAN WANITA, KELUARGA
DAN MASYARAKAT

Menteri
Y.B. Dato’ Seri Shahrizat binti Abdul Jalil

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B. Dato’ G. Palanivel

Setiausaha Parlimen
Y.B. Puan Chew Mei Fun


KEMENTERIAN PEMBANGUNAN LUAR BANDAR DAN WILAYAH

Menteri
Y. B. Dato’ Abdul Aziz bin Shamsudin

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B. Datuk Dr. Awang Adek bin Husin
Y.B. Datuk Dr. Tekhee @ Tiki Lafe


KEMENTERIAN PERUSAHAAN PERLADANGAN DAN KOMODITI

Menteri
Y. B. Dato’ Peter Chin Fah Kui

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B. Datuk Anifah bin Haji Aman

Setiausaha Parlimen
Y.B. Encik Ng Lip Yong


KEMENTERIAN KESIHATAN

Menteri
Y. B. Datuk Dr. Chua Soi Lek

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B. Datuk Dr. Haji Abdul Latiff bin Ahmad

Setiausaha Parlimen
Y.B. Lee Kah Choon


KEMENTERIAN WILAYAH PERSEKUTUAN
Menteri
Y. B. Tan Sri Mohamad Isa bin Dato’ Haji Abdul Samad

Timbalan Menteri
Y.B. Dato’ Haji Zulhasnan bin Rafique

Setiausaha Parlimen
Y.B. Encik Yew Teong Lock

Sunday, March 14, 2004

"This isn't the time to experiment with the opposition"

Last Updated: Sunday, 14 March, 2004, 17:26 GMT

Malaysia's predictable politics
By Jonathan Kent
BBC correspondent in Kuala Lumpur

Woman walks past election campaign posters of Malaysian Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
The ruling Malaysian coalition has won the last 10 general elections
The first rule of Malaysian politics and the only one that you really need to remember is that "the government gets to win".

Close government control of the media, changes to constituency boundaries and a gross mismatch between government and opposition finances combine to make this a virtual certainty.

When the country goes to the polls on Sunday, there is little doubt that the ruling National Front coalition will be re-elected by a handsome margin.

After all, the "Barisan National", as it is known, and its predecessor the Alliance won every one of Malaysia's 10 previous general elections.

"This isn't the time to experiment with the opposition," Prime Minister Abdullah Badawi told voters.

In Malaysia, it never is.

However, many seem to be hoping that change can come about without changing their government.

Gone is the old prime minister, Dr Mahathir Mohamad, a man who during his 22 years in power became almost as much a hate figure amongst some in Malaysia as he was a hero to others.

Former Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad waves to his state's candidates at the nomination centre in Kedah
Former PM Mahathir Mohamad ruled over Malaysia for 22 years
He admitted as much early in this campaign.

"The November 1999 elections were in my opinion the most resounding vote against the accumulated burdens of the Mahathir years," says Rehman Rashid, associate editor of the government-linked New Straits Times newspaper.

Four and a half years ago, the key issue was the jailing of the former Deputy Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim - an act seen by many as a political vendetta by Dr Mahathir.

"We were recovering from the deepest economic recession in our modern history.

"There was enormous political unrest over the Anwar Ibrahim affair. It was such a slap in the face for the way the country had been administered until then, but it was not enough to unseat the government."

Mr Anwar may still be behind bars, but Abdullah Badawi is counting on his being largely forgotten by voters.

He is also helped by two other factors - an increasingly buoyant economy and the fact that he is not Dr Mahathir.

Key rural states

So far, Mr Abdullah seems to have adeptly read the public pulse and he is reaping the rewards in popularity.

He has promised to eliminate corruption, dump the mega-projects on which his predecessor spent so much of Malaysia's cash and bring prosperity to poor rural areas instead.

"The promotion of small- and medium-sized enterprises and the promotion of the agricultural sector actually addresses the needs of the rural Malay electorate," says economist Terence Gomez.

"This is an electorate that the Mahathir administration neglected in the past."

These are the voters who most conspicuously deserted Mr Abdullah's party at the last polls and he needs to win them back. The key battlegrounds in this election will be the northern states of Terengganu and Kedah.

The conservative Islamic party Parti Islam seMalaysia (Pas) won Terengganu for the opposition in 1999 and made strong inroads into Kedah.

Both states are rural, the electorate predominantly Muslim Malays.

Closing the poverty gap

Malaysian opposition Islamic Party (PAS) supporters chant outside the nomination centre in Kuala Terengganu
Terengganu State in the north is ruled by the opposition Islamic Pas
The Pas is Mr Abdullah's most formidable opponent this time round.

The breadth of its membership belies the rather trite Islamic fundamentalist label that is so often applied.

Its leader in the state of Selangor, Hassan Ali, is not a rural religious leader peddling fire and brimstone, but rather one of the many educated middle-class professionals who see Islam as a socially responsible, egalitarian faith.

"Even in Selangor, the wealthiest state in Malaysia, the gap between the rich and poor is fantastic," he says.

"The government has not been able to narrow the gap - so when we come into power one thing we wish to highlight is our ability to close that gap," he says.

There are others in the party however who saw its surge of support in 1999 as a vote for an Islamic state rather than a protest against the shortcomings of Dr Mahathir's government.

They may be misreading the runes.

Hassan Ali says strict Islamic hudud laws will not be introduced in areas like Selangor which have a large non-Muslim population, only in overwhelmingly Malay Muslim areas.

But even there, many voters are more interested in honest approachable government than in having separate supermarket queues and swimming pools for men and women.

Chinese weight

The government is playing on the fear of Islamic fundamentalism to win over Malaysian Chinese voters.

The Chinese have a saying: 'Once you get the power of money you can change the world'
Jadryn Loo, Malaysian Chinese Association

However, despite making up a third of the electorate, the Chinese community has not had one of its politicians appointed to any of the top ministerial posts in over 30 years.

"In Malaysian politics, the Chinese accept certain compromise," says Jadryn Loo of the government party, the Malaysian Chinese Association.

"They don't mind not having much say in the government as long as they are able to make money, to have tolerance of culture and education, peace and stability."

She says the community just wants to be left alone to get on with business.

"The Chinese have a saying: 'Once you get the power of money you can change the world', and this is the thing the Chinese have been carrying for the last 400-500 years."

Forgotten community

If Chinese voters are on the sidelines, then pity Malaysians of Indian descent.

Though they make up about a tenth of the electorate, they are almost entirely ignored.

The leader of another government party, Gerakan, is reported to have recently told Indian members of his supposedly multiracial grouping that they were not wanted.

Every one of Gerakan's 40-plus candidates will be ethnic Chinese.

Muniyamah, a widow who lives in a plantation village near Kuala Lumpur and who is struggling to bring up 10 children on $US 70 a month, says politicians simply do not care.

"No politician ever comes to help people like us. Nobody is interested," she says.